1. Optimization of tung oil methyl ester from transesterification process and fuel characterization as diesel substitute
Authors : Subhash Gadhave, Satishchandra Ragit
Pages : 116-120
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.21172/1.72.519Keywords : Transesterification. Tung oil, acid catalysts, fuel properties. Abstract :
Due to increased energy demand and concern about the environment friendly technology, renewable bio-fuels are better alternative to petro diesel. Biodiesel is alternative diesel fuel and also an eco-friendly prepared from renewable biological resources i.e. produced from vegetable oils and animal fats. The cost of biodiesel is the main difficulty to commercialization of the product. The common method to produce biodiesel fuel from vegetable oil is the transesterification process (methanolysis) with methanol in the existence of either alkaline or strong acid catalysts. For biodiesel production, transesterification reaction is quite sensitive to several parameters. The transesterification reaction differs on the basis of variables like the free fatty acid content and fatty acid composition of the oil. Some other variables such as ratio of alcohol to tung oil, reaction temperature, catalyst, mixing intensity, purity of reactants. The present work aimed at the standardization of transesterification process parameters for the production of methyl ester of filtered tung oil and fuel characterization for engine performance. In this paper investigate the chemical composition of tung oils, fuel properties of tung oils and biodiesel, transesterification process, the furthermost important variables that effect the transesterification reaction, environmental attention and economic possibility of biodiesel.